Amini carpets. From raw materials to yarn processing, from processing techniques to design. At the centre of the home. The evolution of an evergreen furnishing item. Discover Materials, Yarn processing, Manufacturing techniques, Furnishing with carpets
The Amini collection is based exclusively on the processing of wool, silk and viscose, materials obtained from natural textile fibers, of animal or vegetable origin. This aspect, in addition to the appreciation of local traditions and constant commitment towards ensuring safe working conditions, mean that Amini remains a business concern based on sound ethical principles and environmental sustainability.
The carpet weaving phase is preceded by a series of yarn treatments ranging from carding to drying. The goal is to make the material as homogeneous as possible, so that it features such uniform characteristics as resistance, cleanliness, color and elasticity.
This is the processing phase where short fibers are untangled and spread out. Although today this is mostly done by mechanical carding machines, in some artisan laboratories this ancient technique is still performed by hand with tools known as “combing cards” used to comb the fibers between two large brushes with metal tips. The result is a thin flap called ‘card web’, later carved into thin strips, called ‘wicks’, and wrapped onto a beam. Each wick gives rise to a carded thread.
Spinning is the twisting together of drawn-out strands of fibers to form yarn, and is a major part of the textile industry. The oldest spinning tools are the distaff (rock) and the spindle. The distaff is a staff, held under one’s arm while using a spindle. Fiber is wrapped around the distaff, and tied in place with a piece of ribbon or string. The spindle is a straight spike used for spinning, twisting fibers into yarn.
Dyeing is the application of dyes or pigments on textile materials with the objective of achieving color with desired fastness. Dyeing is normally done in a special solution containing dyes (soluble substances of organic origin), and particular chemical material. Dye molecules are fixed to the fiber by absorption, diffusion, or bonding. The variety and continuous enlargement of the color range, achieved over 50 years of experience, ensure that the dyeing phase remains one of Amini’s main strengths.
The quality of the Amini product range is the consistent result of a manufacturing process that has been honed over more than 50 years of history. Manufacturing lies at the heart of the business, performed using wholly traditional techniques and located in different countries, from Nepal to Afghanistan, from India to Turkey, according to the specific type of carpet.
Technique of weaving the weft and warp threads on a loom by hand. With this method the yarns are twisted and “fastened” by means of a bobbin and the result is carpets without fleece. Originally carpets produced with this technique were known as Kilim; today they are revisited in solid colors suitable for even the most contemporary environments.
Typical of the best craftsmanship, manual knotting is an ancient manufacturing technique based on the patient work of master weavers that skillfully create high quality carpets, also very resistant and durable over time. The process involves several craftsmen who create the carpet design by knotting the warp threads on a vertical loom. The accuracy of the design and, consequently, the value of the handicraft depend on the number of knots on its back side. Manual knotting is possible with fibers such as wool, natural silk, botany silk and viscose.
Tufting is a type of textile weaving in which yarn tufts are inserted manually with a tool called tufted gun onto a cotton backing traced with a design. The resulting carpet can then be sheared to create the desired effects. At the end of the process, in order to compact the fibers, the carpet is finished with a cotton fabric applied to the back. Applicable to wool, natural silk, botany silk and viscose, hand-tufting allows an unlimited choice of design, shape and color and represents an ideal solution for contract furnishing projects and public spaces.
A handloom is a simple machine used for weaving. In vertical-shaft looms, the heddles are fixed in place in the shaft. The warp threads pass alternately through a heddle, and through a space between the heddles, and lowering the shaft lowers the same threads — the threads passing through the spaces between the heddles remain in place. Without knots, this weaving technique reduces processing times and costs, while maintaining the appearance of a traditional rug. The hand loom is used on wool, natural silk, botany silk and viscose.
One of the world’s oldest hand weaving techniques, it involves wrapping coloured weft threads over and under the warp threads, adding strength and embroidery-like patterns to create the desired subject. The result is a flat weave, somewhat stronger and thicker than kilim, with a smooth front face and a ragged back. It creates a series of small braids that soften the perception of the design on the carpet. Nema rugs are made with this technique.
Furnishing with carpets
If the material, colors and design of a carpet help to determine the style of an ambience, the size certainly determines the overall perception. The choice is naturally conditioned by the space available, but it is also important to evaluate the relationship with the other furnishing components. By way of example, this section outlines some possible layouts for different rooms in the home.